ظاهرة تغيير الديانة في الأرخبيل الماليزي: الخبرات النفسية والاجتماعية The Phenomenon of Changing Religion in Malaysian Peninsula: The Socio-Psychological Experiences

Main Article Content

LORANS HASSAN AL ZUABI
Muhammad Aunurrochim Mas'ad Saleh
Amalina Ahmad Tajudin
Sumaya Mohammed Bagotayan

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to explore the reasons why people leave their religion and convert to another religion or adopt another religious status. By using qualitative research analysis, the study explores the reasons why some people in Malaysian Peninsular have converted to Islam while others have embraced it. The study took into consideration whether the psychological, social and religious experiences of the converts affect their decision to convert. The data was collected through accurate interviews, both face-to-face and online, with converts to and from Islam. With purposive samples and a snowball, online interviews were conducted with apostates and face-to-face interviews with converts to Islam. The results of the data analysis showed that the phenomenon of religious conversion is a sensitive and complex issue in Malaysian Peninsular. The research found that the reasons for changing their previous religions or leaving the religion entirely vary greatly depending on the social, psychological and religious experiences of the converts. Thus, the reasons cited by most apostates about Islam seem more religious, but in fact more psychological and social. The reasons cited by those who converted to Islam are more social and psychological. For apostates, violence and contradiction in Quranic verses and Islamic education are the main reasons for abandoning Islam. Love, marriage, and material gain were among the reasons why some people converted to Islam. Therefore, the study concluded that the decision to leave the former religion is usually influenced by multiple, varied and interrelated reasons. Most of them were the result of social motives, which created psychological crises, and, in turn led to a change of religion.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
AL ZUABI, L., Mas’ad Saleh, M. A., Ahmad Tajudin, A., & Bagotayan, S. (2019). ظاهرة تغيير الديانة في الأرخبيل الماليزي: الخبرات النفسية والاجتماعية. Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law, 7(2), 79-90. https://doi.org/10.33102/mjsl.v7i2.175
Section
Articles

References

Adil, M.Azam M. (2007). Restrictions in Freedom of Religion in Malaysia: A Conceptual Analysis with Special Reference to the Law of Apostasy. Muslim World Journal of Human Rights. Vol. 4. Pp. 1-24

Adil, M. A. M., et al. (2010). Murtad Dan Kebebasan Beragama: Satu Kajian Kes Di Selangor. Final Report submited to Selangor Islamic Religious Council (MAIS).

Al-Abdullatif, A., (1998). Waves of Apostasy and Rocks of Faith: Apostasy, its concept and reasons in shari’ah and aqeeda. Al-Bayan Islamic Magazine. No 125, May 1998.

Al-Jubair, H. A., (2008). Apostasy: Reasons and Punishment. Al-Bayan Islamic Magazine.

Bellamy, J., Sharon M., & Keith C., (2004). Social Influences upon Faith Development. Sydney: NCLS Research.

Caplovitz, D., and Sherrow, F., (1977). The Religious Drop-outs: apostasy among college graduates. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Harms, Ernest, (1962). Ethical and Psychological Implications of Religious Conversion. Review of Religious Research. Vol. 3. No. 3. P.p 122-131.

Horwath, Jan, et al., (2008). Religion, Belief and Parenting Practice: a descriptive study. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Retrieved From

http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/2264-faith-parenting-youth.pdf

James, W., (1987). The Varieties of religious experience. NewYork : Image Books.

Joshi, S. & Kumari, Shilpa, (2011). Religious Beliefs and Mental Helath: an empirical Review. DELHI PSYCHIATRY JOURNAL Vol. 14 No.1.

Khalil, M. H. & Bilici, Mucahit, (2007). The Muslim World. Vol, 97, pp. 111-124.

Kose, A., (1996). Conversion to Islam: a study of native British converts. London: Kegan Paul International.

Martin, Matthew (2012). Religious Experiences: conversion. Retrieved From http://prezi.com/wnjmmlbbk1jz/religious-experiences-conversion/

Nofal, Abd Al-Razaq, (1987). Al ‘Ijaz Al ‘Adady Lil Qur’an (The Qur’an’s Numerical Miracles). Beirut: Dar Al-kitab Al Arabi.

Nor, Nur Suriya M., (2008). The Phenomenology of Apostasy in Malaysia: A Study of its Causes From 2003 Until 2006. Degree of Master, International Islamic University Malaysia.

Paloutzian, R. F., Richardson, J. T., & Rambo, L. R., (2001). Relligious Conversion and Personality Change. Malden: Blackwell Publisher.

Qarqoor, N., (2008). Freedom of belief and the rule of apostasy in Islam. Journal of Legal Forum, 5th Edition. University of Mohamad Khaidhaar Baskarah. Algeria.

Starbuck, Edwin D., (1911). The Psychology of Religion: an empirical study of the growth of religious consciousness. London: The Walter Scott Publishing Co., LTD.

Ullman, Chana (1989), The Transformed Self The Psychology of Religious Conversion, London: Plenum.