التدابير الوقائية المتعلقة بالمساجد للحد من انتشار وباء كورنا: دراسة في ضوء مقاصد نظام الحكم في الإسلام

PREVENTIVE MEASURES RELATED TO MOSQUES TO LIMIT THE SPREAD OF COVID-19: A STUDY FROM MAQASID SYARIAH PERSPECTIVE FOR GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Authors

  • Doucoure Abdou Samadou Faculty of Islamic Sciences, Al-Madinah International University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia | 01-BP 344, Bouake 01, 002250700232623, Ivory Coast
  • Muneer Ali Abdul Rab Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Tayeb Mebrouki Faculty of Islamic Sciences, Al-Madinah International University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia |Djellal Chechar, 40015, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33102/mjsl.vol11no2.441

Keywords:

Pandemic, COVID-19, Mosque Progressive Matters, Siyasah Shar’iyyah, Legal Policy

Abstract

Mosques play a pivotal role in maintaining social order, serving as a cornerstone for upholding the unity and stability of the Ummah, which is the primary objective of Islamic legislation. They serve as guardians of the ummah's leadership against unforeseen disruptions and help regulate individual behavior. This study seeks to elucidate the Islamic system of governance's objectives concerning the precautionary measures instituted during the COVID-19 pandemic. These measures aim to curb the pandemic's spread, necessitating changes in the traditional mosque practices and imposing penalties for violations. The primary aim of this study is to establish the intricate connection between mosque management and Shariah's overarching goal of preserving the Ummah's governance structure, all within the context of the challenges posed by Siyasah Shar‘iyyah. Moreover, this research endeavors to shed light on the community-related issues that have been addressed by a select group of scholars with expertise in this critical domain. The study's conclusion underscores the crucial responsibility entrusted to rulers and authorities in managing mosque affairs, regardless of the country or era, especially when faced with crises that demand the preservation of a well-balanced system aligned with the legal maxims and objectives of Shariah, without compromising its foundational principles. Furthermore, it highlights the imperative of adapting mosque governance to address the exigencies of limiting the spread of epidemics in a manner that aligns with the principles of Shariah and rational legitimacy, ultimately serving the greater good of safeguarding human lives. This study explores the role of mosques in maintaining social order and addressing COVID-19 precautions, bridging disciplines like religious studies and public health. It emphasizes the global relevance of adapting mosque governance to preserve both Islamic principles and public health during crises, offering valuable insights to academic communities worldwide.

 

ملخّص البحث

نظام المساجد والجوامع نظام اجتماعي له دور أساسي وكبير في تحقيق حفظ نظام الأمة العام الذي هو المقصود العام من التشريع الإسلامي، فشأنُها شأنُ كلّ قضية تساس بتدابير سلطانية وقوانين يضعها ذوو الشأن العام في كلّ بلد؛ لحفظ نظام الأمة من الارتجاج، ولضبط سلوك الأفراد والجماعات. تأتي هذه الدراسة لبيان رأي مقاصد نظام الحكم في الإسلام حيال التدابير الاحترازية التي استُشكلتْ إبّان جائحة كورونا؛ وقايةً من انتشار الوباء، حيث إنّها غيّرتْ نظام المساجد والجوامع المعهود منذ فجر تشريعها، إضافة إلى فرض عقوبات على مخالفي تلك التدابير الاحترازية. فهدفت هذه الدراسة إلى توضيح علاقة قضايا المساجد بمقصد حفظ النظام العام للأنام، وعلاقة أبعادها الاجتماعية بالأحكام السلطانية من خلال دراسة بعض مستجدات ونوازل السياسة الشرعية في تلك الفترة. كما هدفت إلى تسليط الضوء على أن قضايا المجتمع والمسائل المتعلقة به مشغلةُ ثلّة من العلماء ذوي التجارب في عظائم الأمور فقط. وسلك الباحث في هذه الدراسة المنهج الوصفي التحليلي من أجل تحديد أبعاد القرارات المستجدة التي غيّرت نظام المساجد والجوامع المعهود، ومن ثمّ تحليل تلك التدابير في ضوء مقاصد نظام الحكم في الإسلام، ووفق الضوابط الشرعية التي وضعها علماء السياسة الشرعية والأحكام السلطانية. وخلصت الدراسة إلى نتائج أهمّها: أنّ واجب القيام بتدبير قضايا المساجد والجوامع في أي بلد وفي أي عصر، ولا سيّما النظر في مستجداتها المشتبكة مهمّة الحاكم وأهل الحل والعقد معه فقط، أو من في حكمهم؛ لضمان قيام نظام متّزن يخدم حِكم الشريعة الإسلامية ومقاصدها، ولا يتعارض مع أصولها التشريعية. وأنّ مصلحة تغيير نظام المساجد والجوامع للحد من انتشار أي وباء؛ بما يحقّق مصلحة حفظ الأنفس البشرية ممّا تؤيده كليّات الشريعة المعتبرة شرعًا وعقلًا.

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Published

2023-10-11

How to Cite

Abdou Samadou, D., Abdul Rab, M. A., & Mebrouki, T. (2023). التدابير الوقائية المتعلقة بالمساجد للحد من انتشار وباء كورنا: دراسة في ضوء مقاصد نظام الحكم في الإسلام: PREVENTIVE MEASURES RELATED TO MOSQUES TO LIMIT THE SPREAD OF COVID-19: A STUDY FROM MAQASID SYARIAH PERSPECTIVE FOR GOVERNANCE SYSTEM. Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law, 11(2), 215–229. https://doi.org/10.33102/mjsl.vol11no2.441

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